Site glossary

anechoic
not having or producing echoes; sound-absorbent
anti-ricochet
types of material commonly used in the construction of shooting ranges—when shot the material prevents bullets from rebounding or deflecting off its surfaces
bespoke
made to individual order; custom-made
CQB
Close Quarters Battle—characterised by rapid offensive action and the precise application of lethal force in very close proximity to the targets
EPA
the Environmental Protection Agency is an independent federal agency in the United States, established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
FIBUA
Fighting In Built-Up Areas—a British military term for urban warfare
HEPA
a high-efficiency particulate arresting filter is a type of air filter that can remove at least 99.97% of airborne particles 0.3 micrometres (µm) in diameter
HVAC
a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system provides controls for managing temperature, humidity, and air quality within a structure or building
JSP
Joint Service Publication—a United Kingdom Ministry of Defence related document
MOD
the Ministry of Defence—the United Kingdom's government department responsible for the implementation of government defence policy and also the headquarters of the British Armed Forces
MOE
Method of Entry—techniques practised by military groups for gaining entry to secured buildings using explosive charges
MOUT
Military Operations in Urban Terrain—a United States military term for urban warfare
NBC
Nuclear, Biological and Chemical—a military abbreviation often used to describe types of warfare involving nuclear, biological or chemical agents
NIOSH
the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health is a United States federal agency, responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness
OSHA
the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is a branch of the United States department of Labor, responsible for establishing and enforcing safety and health standards in the workplace
PFI
Private Finance Initiative—specifies a method to provide financial support for "Public-Private Partnerships" between the public and private sectors
RCD
range cleaning and de-leading—the de-leading process involves the removal of used bullets and debris from the bullet trap and other live firing areas